Advertising and Configure Section in GA4. Guide Part V



Advertising and Configure Section in GA4. Guide Part V
31 August 2022
Choosing the right attribution model in GA4 is crucial for getting the accurate data on the actions done online. Apart from the well-known tools, GA4 also offers a completely new attribution model - an intelligent data-driven solution. When you finish reading this article, machine learning, conversion paths and the configure section won’t be a misery to you any more.



Table of contents: As you probably already know, Google Analytics Universal is going to be withdrawn in 2023. This means that now is the perfect time to move over to the new tool seamlessly to maintain the continuity of data collection. For those who are planning to start using the new tool soon, we’ve prepared a series of how-to articles. These guides constitute a collection of practical tips and nuggets of information on Google Analytics 4 to aid you in changing the tools smoothly.
Haven't you got the chance to read the previous parts of the guide? Here is what you have missed:
The fifth part, which is going to be the last one, explains everything on attribution models in Google Analytics 4. What should you know about them? How not to feel lost in the abundance of information? What aspect is going to be crucial for your business? After reading this article you will learn:
  • What attribution models are, and how to use them
  • What the new features of attribute models are
  • How to use Conversion path report
  • Things you can find in Configuration, include:
    • how to create events
    • what are custom definitions
    • what are predictive metrics
    • what Debug View is

What Are Attribution Models in GA4?

Before making a decision on buying your product or using your service, a prospect comes into contact with your brand in various ways - each one has either a bigger or smaller impact on the final effect, which is conversion. Universal Analytics was used to give credit for the conversion to the last action (and hence the name Last Click) that brought the user to the webpage, e.g. through clicking on the ad displayed through Google Ads. This resulted in losing all the crucial data on the first encounter of a user with your brand. After all, this could be the first, second, or third visit that eventually leads to the purchase, right? GA4 allows you to choose the attribution reports yourself. To make the right decision, you need to have an understanding of the role of each attribution model.

Attribution in GA4 and Attribution Model in GA4 - Definitions

Attribution gives credits to various marketing touchpoints that lead a user to the website. This can be ad clicks, as well as other factors that a user encounters on the conversion path. An attribution model is a rule, a set of rules, or an algorithm that defines the contribution of each of the touchpoints that a user comes across on its conversion path. There are 3 groups of attribution models in GA4. Each one of them collects and analyzes data differently:
  • cross-channel rules-based model - it analyzes the data from multiple channels through which a user enters into interaction with the website (e.g. advertising network, social media, organic search results, email)
Note: In many channels, the Last Click model is the only model that can be exported to Google Ads.
  • ads-preferred rules-based model - this one collects information solely on Google Ads clicks. What if the conversion path has zero Google Ads clicks? In this case, GA4 automatically switches to a rules-based model.
  • data-driven attribution model - that’s the most interesting of all models available. It’s new, meaning it wasn’t available in Universal Analytics. A data-driven attribution model is based entirely on machine learning. It calculates the likelihood of generating conversion by each touchpoint. The highest value is assigned to the touchpoint that gives the greatest likelihood of conversion.
There are also various methods of measuring the value of an event: Last click 100% value is assigned to the last click that takes the user to the website prior to converting. Depending on your settings, this can be done by clicking on a YouTube ad, newsletter, social media, search results (for cross-channel attribution), or Google Ads (for ads-preferred attribution). First click This model assigns the full credit for the conversion to the first channel a user comes in contact with, which later brings them to go to the website. Linear This model assigns equal value to each channel a user goes through on their conversion path before they actually convert. Position-based This method assigns 40% credit to the first and last touchpoint, distributing the remaining 20% to the actions that take place in between, regardless of their number. Time decay Simply put, the closer to the conversion a user is, the value of action gets higher. This model is based on a proportional reduction of the event value in a 7-day half-life. This means that the click made 8 days prior to the conversion gets half the value of the event that takes place on the conversion day.
Note: Each data-driven model varies depending on the advertiser and conversion event. In this case, you can’t choose individual attribution models just like the rules-based model.

Attribution Models in GA4. What’s New?

In Google Analytics 4 the attribution becomes more convenient to use than in Universal Analytics (its previous version). What has changed? GA4 introduces new vital functionality. It’s an easy selection of the attribution models that you can apply to the reports on your own. For comparison, the Last indirect click used to be set by default. To change it, you had to dive deep into Universal Analytics settings. Adapting this parameter to your needs was a bit complicated. Do you know that changing the attribution model will affect historical data? This is a highly useful functionality. Additionally, GA4 offers many new, convenient functions that increase the accuracy of collected data, making it more detailed. This allows you to gather more insightful information, and present it in comprehensive reports. It’s also worth noting that GA4 generates an improved Conversion path report. More on that below.

Conversion Path Report - All You Need to Know

As the name suggests, the Conversion path report gives you an insight into the paths that provoke conversion. It also shows you how attribution models distribute the credits along the path. This report consists of two sections:
  • data visualization
  • data table

What Can You Find in This Report?

Data visualization allows you to check which channels have the biggest impact on initiating, supporting, and closing the conversion. The bar charts of chosen segments show you the value of selected dimensions (Channel, Source, Medium, or Campaign). To see the details, click on the particular elements of data visualization. google analytics 4 attribution conversion path report As for the data table, it shows you the paths that lead the users to close conversion. It uses the following data:
  • conversions
  • purchase revenue
  • days to conversion
  • touchpoints to conversion
google analytics 4 attribution model data

Conversion Path Report Step-By-Step

To see the report, open Google Analytics 4. Click on Advertising - you can find it in the left sidebar. That’s the fourth icon from the top. conversion path report ga4 Now, select Attribution -> Conversion paths conversion path ga4 As with all GA4 reports, start with selecting the period you want to base your report on. You can set it in the calendar, located in the top-right corner. conversion path report ga4 date Now, select at least one conversion event that you wish to analyze. conversion path report ga4 events TIP: All conversion events are selected by default. If you want to analyze certain events, you need to always change this setting. You can also add a filter to generate the data on the narrowed-down group of users, e.g. sorting them by demographic information. Selecting the customers who made a purchase helps you see the mutual parameters they share. You can choose up to 5 filters. attribution models in google analytics Using the menu located above the chart, you can display the data true to different dimensions: Source, Medium, and Campaign. Here you can also modify the attribution model to generate a specific visualization. attribution models in google analytics 4 TIP: The length of a path can be adjusted. After clicking on Path length, go to the right-sidebar and choose one of the available operators (e.g. equal to, not equal to, or less than). Type the number of touchpoints that you want to include in the equation.

Configure Section

You can find the Configure button in the left sidebar. It’s located right under Advertising. Let’s now go briefly through each of these segments.


Events is the first tab on the list. As with Universal Analytics, this section allows you to define events as actions called out by the users in interaction with your website. Contrary to GA3, in GA4 you don’t create goal-based events. In most cases, the event conditions are set by default. Let’s take a look at the panel below. The big blue buttons on the right allow you to modify or create new events. Here you can also create conversion events based on existing events by adding conditions and parameters. You can also modify event conditions and parameters, and add monetary value to the conversion events. google analytics 4 attribution configure Take a look at Mark as conversion (the green arrow on the screen). With just one click, you can change a regular event into a tracked conversion. Some of the default events include:
  • clicks
  • first visits
  • impressions
  • scrolling
  • start of session
Let’s go together through creating an event. First, click on Create event, and then on Create. custom dimensions ga4 create This way you call out the event configuration window. Select the right parameters for you. attribution models in google analytics 4 configuration After introducing all data, click Create and close the window. It’s worth realizing that the created event won’t appear in the table immediately. To find out more about creating events and learn a few useful tips, watch the video published by Google. [embed][/embed]


In the Audiences tab, you can create your own groups of users that are connected in some way to your website. You can also look into the already existing groups. custom dimensions ga4 audience You can choose your own custom group or use some of the already-defined options, templates, and predictive metrics created by Google: attribution models in google analytics 4 audience google analytics 4 attribution audience The Predictive section seems to be the most interesting one. GA4 suggests precisely specified groups of audiences. They are created on the basis of predictions. google analytics 4 attribution model audience

Custom Definitions

GA4 custom dimensionsare a real treat for more advanced users. Before you make changes in this parameter, Google suggests starting with the custom settings first:
Before you create custom dimensions and metrics, use the dimensions and metrics that Analytics populates by default. (source)
When you decide to add a new custom dimension, you can do this simply by selecting the Create custom dimensions. google analytics 4 attribution custom definitions Here is what will pop up on your screen when you do this. attribution models in google analytics 4 custom dimension How should you fill those gaps?
  • Name - this is how you will recognize this custom dimension in the report.
  • Scope - e.g. Event, User. Specifies the data that is applied to a particular dimension. Bear in mind that the dimensions and data can have just one scope that remains unchangeable.
  • Description - this element is optional. You can use it to add more details on the custom dimensions or custom metrics.
  • Event parameter - from the list, choose the parameter or properties that you want to collect. You can also type them manually.

Debug View

Debug View GA4 is a report that shows data being collected on the fly. This helps you configure actions in GA4 better, and solve problems quicker. ga4 debugview To see this report, you need to enable the debug mode. How can you do this? The easiest way to do it is by adding a Chrome extension - Google Analytics Debugger. When it’s installed, refresh the page. The device will start recording all events as the 'debug_mode':true attribute.


This is the end of our journey through the most important functions of Google Analytics 4 - or should we say, the end of the beginning? Nevertheless, we truly hope that our guides helped you understand everything you should know about GA4. If there was too much to wrap your head around, try to memorize those 3 things:
  • Attribution model definition
The attribution model is a rule that defines the contribution of each of the touchpoints that a user comes across on its conversion path.
  • How to use the Conversion path report
Try to remember that it consists of two sections: data visualization and data table. You can add filters or choose the scope of the path you want to track.
  • Configure properties
If you know where to find event and audience info, you will be perfectly fine! :) You will handle other things with useful guides, notes, and a GA4 help section. If you need help with choosing which data to collect or how to analyze them, contact us!  Our experts have a great experience as Delante is a data-driven agency - we don't do anything without collecting appropriate data first. This is how we ensure the best results for your clients!
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Delante is an online marketing agency specialized in generating website traffic from search engines and paid ads (SEO / SEM). Over 80% of our clients are from rapidly growing e-commerce industry.

Logo Delante

Delante is an online marketing agency specialized in generating website traffic from search engines and paid ads (SEO / SEM). Over 80% of our clients are from rapidly growing e-commerce industry.

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